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Zhejiang University


Zhejiang University
浙江大学
Motto求是创新[1]
Motto in English
Seeking the Truth and Pioneering New Trails[2]
TypePublic
Established1897
PresidentWu Zhaohui (吴朝晖
Party SecretaryRen Shaobo (任少波)
Academic staff
3,741
Students54,641[3]
Undergraduates25,425
Postgraduates29,216
Location
West Lake District, Hangzhou
,
People's Republic of China

CampusUrban, 5.9 km²
Academic termSemester
ColorsBlue and Red          
AffiliationsAPRU, WUN, C9, IAU, GUNi , YDUA
MascotQiushi Eagle 求是鹰[4]
Websitezju.edu.cn (in Chinese)
zju.edu.cn/english (in English)

Zhejiang University (abbreviated ZJU; Chinese: 浙江大学; pinyin: Zhèjiāng Dàxué; also colloquially referred to as 浙大 Zhèdà ) is an elite C9 League university located in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province.[5] Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest, most selective, and most prestigious institutions of higher education. The university is organized into 37 colleges, schools, and departments offering more than 140 undergraduate and 300 graduate programs. [6]

The university is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University[7] and is an active member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the Worldwide Universities Network, the International Association of Universities, and the Global University Network for Innovation.

The university possesses a faculty of more than 3,741 scholars, including 45 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 10 Liberal Arts and Humanities Senior Professors (文科资深教授), 121 Chang Jiang Scholars Program Professors, and 133 recipients of the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars.[8]

Zhejiang University maintains 5 academic libraries. The library collection in its entirety contains more than 7.7 million volumes,[9] making it one of China's largest academic collections.[10] The university also includes 7 affiliated hospitals, 1 museum, 2 international joint institutes, and boasts over 150 student organizations.[11]

Contents

History


Qing Dynasty

In 1897, then-mayor of Hangzhou, Lin Qi (traditional Chinese: 林啓; simplified Chinese: 林启; pinyin: Lín Qǐ; Wade–Giles: Lin Ch'i) established the "Qiushi Academy/Ch'iu Shih Academy" (求是書院; 求是书院; Qiúshì Shūyuàn; Ch'iu-shih-shu-yüan).[12] Lin studied the Western higher education system and applied it to the Qiushi Academy. The Ch'iu-shih Academy was renamed to Chekiang College (浙江大學堂; 浙江大学堂; Zhèjiāng Dàxuétáng) in 1902, and to Chekiang Higher Institutes in 1903.

A second institution that factored into the early history of Zhejiang University was Yuying Xuetang (Yuying School or Yuying College), established in 1902. This was renamed to Yuying Yishu (Yuying Public School), and then to Yuying Academy. In 1911, Yuying Academy became Zhijiang Xuetang (Zhijiang College) and moved to Qinwang Hill (Chinese: 秦望山), outside of Hangzhou.

1912–1937

In 1912, Zhejiang Medical School was established, later developing into Zhejiang Provincial Medical College and becoming part of Zhejiang University.

In 1927, some schools and colleges (e.g. industrial and agricultural colleges/schools) were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the enlarged school was changed to "National Third Sun Zhongshan University" (or, National Third Sun Yat-sen University), after Sun Yat-sen. On April 1, 1928, it was renamed "Che Kiang University" (now Zhejiang University from the pinyin name), and in the same year, "National" was added and it became "National Che Kiang University" (國立浙江大學; 国立浙江大学; Guólì Zhèjiāng Dàxué).

War period, 1937–1949

In the latter half of 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, and due to the invading Imperial Japanese Army, the university evacuated from Hangzhou to Guizhou until 1946, after the war ended.

Reputed as "Cambridge of the East" by Joseph Needham (twice visited ZJU in 1944) in China's modern history of higher education, National Che Kiang University's was consistently ranked as among top 3 in the nation during that time.

During this period, the National Che Kiang University was praised as one of the Four most Prominent Universities in the Republic China (民國四大名校), along with National Central University, National Southwestern Associated University, and National Wuhan University.

1952–1998

Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges during the 1952 readjustment of China's Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to former Hangzhou University or joined with Fudan University. Its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University.

1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments, and some the other technological parts went to former Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School (now Zhejiang University of Technology, ZJUT). And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the main founders of China's modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT.

After 1998

In 1998, with the approval of the State Council, the new Zhejiang University was established as a combination of four major universities that had grown up in Hangzhou over the previous half-century, namely Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University.

On September 21, 2006, Chinese billionaires Duan Yongping (Zhejiang University alumnus) and Ding Lei (Zhejiang native) donated together a one-time endowment of 40 million US dollars to Zhejiang University. US$30 million was from Duan with 10 million from Ding. It was the largest private one-off endowment to a university in Mainland China.[13] A ceremony was held at the newly founded Zijin'gang Campus to receive the donation.[14]

Academics


Zhejiang University is a comprehensive research university with national and international impact. Research at Zhejiang University spans 12 academic disciplines: agriculture, art, economics, education, engineering, history, law, literature, management, medicine, natural sciences, and philosophy. In the Essential Science Indicator (ESI) rankings of 22 disciplines, Zhejiang University ranks among the top 1% in 15 disciplines and is listed in the top 100 of the world's academic institutions in 4 disciplines.

With seven campuses, namely Zijin'gang, Yuquan, Xixi, Huajiachi, Zhijiang, Zhoushan, and the Haining International campus, Zhejiang University encompasses an area of 5.9 square kilometers with school buildings covering 1.94 million square meters of floor space. The university library holds a collection of more than 7.7 million volumes. In addition, Zhejiang University has 7 high-level affiliated hospitals.

In 2018, research funding at Zhejiang University amounted to more than 4.56 billion RMB (~US$680 million). More than a hundred projects under research have each secured a grant of more than 10 million RMB. In 2018, 1,838 Chinese patents were issued to ZJU researchers and 6,903 SCI-included papers were published by ZJU scholars.[15]

Faculty

Among its approximate 3,700 standing faculty [16] members, more than 1,200 faculty members hold the title of professor. The faculty includes: 23 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 23 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 48 scholars in the national Recruitment Program of Global Experts, 20 chief scientists of national 973 projects, 121 Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Award winners, and 133 recipients of the awards from the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. Zhejiang University also has prominent foreign faculty.

Student body

At present, there are a total of 54,641 full-time students enrolled at Zhejiang University, including 29,216 graduate students, 10,178 Ph.D candidates, and 25,425 undergraduates. In addition, there are 7,074 international students currently attending Zhejiang University.

Rankings

Zhejiang University is consistently ranked among China's top universities.[17][18] In 2019, it ranked 16th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings.[19]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[20]70
THE World[21]107
QS World[22]54
QS Employability[23]35
Regional – Overall
THE Asia[24]14
QS Asia[25]14
QS BRICS[26]5
National – Overall
BCUR National[27]3
CUAA National[28]3
Wu Shulian National[29]2

Campuses


Zhejiang University has seven campuses:

Yuquan Campus

The Yuquan campus (simplified Chinese: 玉泉校区; traditional Chinese: 玉泉校區) is the main campus of engineering, computer science, and the physical sciences. Most students at the Yuquan campus are graduate students within these academic disciplines. The Yuquan campus was the main campus of Zhejiang University until the Zijin'gang campus was built in 2002.

Xixi Campus

The Xixi campus (simplified Chinese: 西溪校区; traditional Chinese: 西溪校區) was previously Hangzhou University before merging with Zhejiang University in 1998. The campus hosts the Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, the School of Marxism, College of Education, and the School of Humanities.

Haining International Campus

The Haining International Campus (simplified Chinese: 海宁国际校区; traditional Chinese: 海寧國際校區) is located in the Zhejiang city of Haining.[30] Clusters of international cooperative partners and institutions reside at this campus, which opened in 2016 as part of Zhejiang University.

Huajiachi Campus

The Huajiachi campus (simplified Chinese: 华家池校区; traditional Chinese: 華家池校區) serves as the campus of agriculture. It was previously Zhejiang Agricultural University before merging with Zhejiang University and served as the old Huajiachi Campus for the "National Che Kiang University". The Huajiachi campus is Zhejiang University's oldest campus. It currently hosts the School of Long-Distance Education.

Zhijiang Campus

The Zhijiang campus (simplified Chinese: 之江校区; traditional Chinese: 之江校區) is home to Zhejiang University's Guanghua Law School. Before being acquired by Zhejiang University in 1952, the Zhijiang campus served as the main campus of Zhijiang University.

Zijin'gang Campus

The Zijin'gang campus (simplified Chinese: 紫金港校区; traditional Chinese: 紫金港校區) serves as the main campus of Zhejiang University and is located in the northwest of Hangzhou. The Zijin'gang Campus boasts a large assortment of academic departments and schools, including the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine, College of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, the College of Animal Sciences, the College of Life Sciences, the College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, the College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, the School of Management, and the School of Public Affairs.

Zhoushan Campus

The Zhoushan campus (simplified Chinese: 舟山校区; traditional Chinese: 舟山校區) is a relatively new campus that opened in 2015 and serves as the campus for the Ocean College and is located in Zhoushan.[31][better source needed]

Organizations


Under the direct administration of China's Ministry of Education, the new Zhejiang University is a key comprehensive university whose fields of study cover eleven branches of learning, namely philosophy, literature, history, education, science, economics, law, management, engineering, agriculture, and MBBS.[32] The university now has 110 specialties for undergraduate studies, and it is entitled to confer master's degrees in 264 programs and doctoral degrees in 181 programs. Under its administration, there are 13 National Key Laboratories, 2 National Engineering Research Centers and 3 National Engineering Technology Centers. Besides, it has set up 24 national key specialties and 39 post-doctoral stations.

Affiliated institutes

Affiliated hospitals

Zhejiang University has seven affiliated hospitals

  1. The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
  2. The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
  3. Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital (donated by Sir Run Run Shaw)
  4. The Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
  5. The Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
  6. The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
  7. Zhejiang Stomatology Hospital (also named Zhejiang University Affiliated Stomatology Hospital)

Affiliated colleges

Others

Traditions


Anniversary

May 21 is the Home-coming Day (Chinese: 校庆) of Zhejiang University. May 21, 2017 was the 120th anniversary.

Dec 31 is the Student Day (Chinese: 学生节) of Zhejiang University.


See also


References


  1. ^ 校训 . Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  2. ^ "Introduction to Zhejiang University" . Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  3. ^ "学校概况" 学校概况 - 浙江大学 [University overview - Zhejiang University]. Zhejiang University. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Zhejiang University Logo and Mascot" . Zhejiang University. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  5. ^ "Best universities in China 2018" . Times Higher Education. September 6, 2017.
  6. ^ ""Study at Zhejiang University"" .
  7. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 [Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines]. Ministry of Education.
  8. ^ 浙江大学--学校概况 [Overview of Zhejiang University].
  9. ^ 搜狐网 – 高校门户网 – 浙江大学 . Sohu Education. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
  10. ^ Libraries in China
  11. ^ ""Zhejiang University Facts and Figures"" .
  12. ^ a b "History of Zhejiang University" . Zhejiang University. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  13. ^ 网易新闻中心:段永平、丁磊4000万美元捐赠浙江大学 [Duan Yongping and Ding Lei donates 40 million US dollar to Zhejiang University]. 163.com news. September 21, 2006.
  14. ^ "Mr. Yongping Duan and Mr. Lei Ding Donated 40 Million US Dollars" . August 16, 2007. Archived from the original on August 16, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  15. ^ "Facts and Figures of Zhejiang University" . Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  16. ^ "Facts and Figures of Zhejiang University" . Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  17. ^ Wu, Shulian. "Top 10 Chinese universities in overall strength" . China.org.
  18. ^ 2018, Scimetrica, www.scimetrica.com - ©. "Zhejiang University, China - Institutions - Universityrankings.ch" . www.universityrankings.ch. Retrieved November 25, 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ "SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2019 - Overall Rank" . www.scimagoir.com.
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ . December 11, 2019 https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2020 . Retrieved December 11, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ "QS World Zhejiang University Ranking 2020" . August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  23. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/employability-rankings/2020
  24. ^ "Asia University Rankings" . March 14, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  25. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2019" . February 1, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  26. ^ QS University Rankings 2020
  27. ^ "Best Chinese Universities Ranking, Overall Ranking - 2019" . Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  28. ^ "First Class Universities in Chinall Ranking - 2019" . Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  29. ^ "Chinese Universities Ranking Wushulianl Wushulian Ranking - 2019" . Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  30. ^ "Faculty and Staff Moved to Haining Campus | International Campus Zhejiang University" . www.intl.zju.edu.cn. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  31. ^ 浙江大学舟山校区 . Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  32. ^ "Zhejiang University" . CUCAS. Retrieved August 24, 2015.

External links











Categories: Zhejiang University | Universities and colleges in Hangzhou | Project 211 | Project 985 | Plan 111 | Educational institutions established in 1897 | Universities in China with English-medium medical schools | 1897 establishments in China | C9 League | Vice-ministerial universities in China | Universities established in the 20th century




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